1902
Ellen Dougherty
A New Zealand nurse becomes the first Registered Nurse in the world.
1909
Ludie Andrews
Ludie Andrews sued the Georgia State Board of Examiners to secure black nurses the right to take the state board examination and become licensed. She succeeded in 1920.
1909
Hildegard Peplau
Interpersonal theory
1912
American Red Cross
American Red Cross Association establishes 68 Rural Visiting Nurse Service program providing home nurses.
1914
Dorothea Orem
Self-Care theory
1918
Francis Reed Elliot
Elliot is enrolled as the first African-American in the Red Cross Nursing Service.
1919
Fay Abdella
Twenty One Nursing Problems
1923
Yale School
Yale School of Nursing becomes the first autonomous school of nursing in the U.S. with its own dean, faculty, budget, and degree meeting the standards of the University. The curriculum was based on an educational plan rather than on hospital service.
1923
Imogene King
Goal Attainment Theory
1924
Betty Neuman
System Model